Change request body (RAW JSON) dynamicalls

Hi , the json body of my request keeps changing every now and then , I have over 20 to 30 collections which will use that particular request , is there a way i can change the request body from pre request script ? or any other way i can change the request body dynamically ? so that i dont want to go and change it every single time manually

@prasu.eng123 The best way to do this is to break the body down into individual pieces and set their values using variables in pre-request scripts. Assuming that your request body takes the following form:

{
  "foo": "bar"
}

If you’d like to make the value of the key foo dynamic, you’d update the request body to:

{
  "foo": "{{foo}}"
}

Also, your pre-request code will have to include the following:

pm.environment.set('foo', 'THIS HAS TO BE REPLACED WITH YOUR VALUE');
1 Like

@kunagpal : Thank for your reply , but this is not what i was looking for . I want to build the whole body dynamically, for example . the json body might sometimes take have 3 key value pairs or four key value pair etc

{
id :“asdas”
pwd:“asdas”
auth: “ashd”
}

or
{
id :“asd”
pwd:“asdas”
auth"adssa"
newauth :“asdsa”
}

is there any way i can write script to handle this ?

@prasu.eng123 This can be done as follows:

// in the pre-request script
var body = {}; // this will contain all the necessary keys

pm.environment.set('req_body', JSON.stringify(body));

In the request body (notice how the req_body variable is referenced directy in the raw body):

{{req_body}}

@kunagpal i am not able to understand what you have posted , could you please elaborate a bit ? may be with an example

@prasu.eng123 Sure thing. As we need to dynamically set the entire request body, we’ll have to save it to a variable that can be used inside the request body editor. The flow goes something like this:

  1. Build the body in the form of a JSON object. This happens inside the pre-request script.
var body = {
  id: 'asdas',
  pwd: 'asdas',
  auth: 'ashd'
};
  1. Stringify the body, using JSON.stringify. This converts objects to strings.
var body_str = JSON.stringify(body); // body was defined in the previous step.
  1. Save the stringified body as an environment variable using pm.environment.set;
pm.environment.set('request_body', body_str); // this sets an environment variable with the stringified body
  1. In the request body editor, specify the raw request body as the variable created in step 3.
{{request_body}}

Note that the snippet from step 4 will have to be placed in the body editor.

1 Like

Thank you @kunagpal . But i am getting the new line paramaters like \n and\r how can i eleiminate them , any idea ?

@prasu.eng123 Where exactly are you getting these values?

@kunagpal i have a sample request from postman , whose response is the same as data u send. Example beloww . as u can see the data field in response contains the data with \n ad \r

Request: postman-echo.com/post

Pre request:

var body = {foo: "1", password: "asas"}; 

pm.environment.set('req_body', JSON.stringify(body));
pm.variables.get("variable_key");

Response:

{
    "args": {},
    "data": "\r\n{\"foo\":\"1\",\"password\":\"asas\"}",
    "files": {},
    "form": {},
    "headers": {
        "host": "postman-echo.com",
        "content-length": "31",
        "accept": "*/*",
        "accept-encoding": "gzip, deflate",
        "authorization": "Basic Og==",
        "cache-control": "no-cache",
        "content-type": "text/plain",
        "cookie": "sails.sid=s%3AlnH3kM7X-xeDKcn6G0hehamaL_Mu-ELn.sKV0Fi5CRHiTsT0fUiY7xgA%2BBVjIR5PNXa3JHjYC7ok",
        "postman-token": "077d84f1-e8b9-431b-8870-96f080914896",
        "user-agent": "PostmanRuntime/7.1.5",
        "x-forwarded-port": "80",
        "x-forwarded-proto": "http"
    },
    "json": null,

}

@prasu.eng123 This is happening because the request body is being sent as text instead of JSON. You can fix this by clicking on the mode dropdown to the right of the request body and selecting application/json, as can be seen below:
27%20AM

1 Like

Hello @kunagpal,
Thanks for the snippet,
Could you please explain how can we set dynamic AlphaNumeric string value which is incremental(Letters+Number) to a Json object of the request. Ex: “OrderId”: “ThisValue01234”.